In-Custody Death in Jails:
Overview and Investigations

Death and Subsequent Litigation
In-custody deaths in jails are unfortunate,but occur for a wide variety of reasons – many outside the control of jail officials. Among the most common causes are:

A. Accidents (e.g.,slip and fall,work-crew accidents);
B. Health issues (e.g.,heart attacks,stokes,seizures,AIDS);
C. Prisoner-on-prisoner violence;
D. Use of force to control prisoners; and
E. Self-harm (e.g.,suicide,self-mutilation,autoerotic asphyxiation)


Jails: Conducting Security Threat Group and Gang Interviews in a Pre-trial Setting

One of the most important aspects of classification and the subsequent housing of individuals being booked into your facilities is the ability to identify who is a security threat to your facility,inmates and staff. Street and prison gang members pose the greatest risk to the safe and secure operation of your facility if not classified correctly. One the most important indicators of gang membership or association other than tattoos is the interview.


Jail Strip Searches: The Light at the End of the Tunnel Was Not a Train

Until the late 1970s, it was a foregone conclusion that jail officers could strip search all prisoners to further the security of the jail and the safety of staff and prisoners. Then in 1977, a federal District Court in New York ruled that visual body-cavity searches of prisoners in a federal pretrial detention facility were unconstitutional “absent probable cause to believe that the inmate is concealing contraband.”(1) Although the fact seems to have been lost on judges who ruled in later cases that have restricted strip searches of arrestees at booking, the district court actually “upheld the strip search procedure but prohibited [only] the body cavity searches, absent probable cause . . . .”